Tax treatment of liquidating trusts
331 for the difference between the FMV and the shareholder’s basis in the stock).
As a result, the tax consequences of a subsequent sale of the assets by the shareholder should be minimal. The corporation is treated as selling the distributed assets for FMV to its shareholders, with the resulting corporate-level tax consequences.
But if the amount of the receivable that the shareholder ultimately collects differs from the amount that the corporation distributed, the shareholder recognizes gain or loss for the differences in the amounts reported and collected. Observation: The current reduction of the maximum tax rate on capital gains and on qualifying dividends to 15% through 2012 somewhat mitigates the traditional preference for a sale or exchange transaction (e.g., a Sec. However, under current law, distributions made after 2012 will be taxed at higher capital gain and dividend rates.
A distribution is treated as one made in complete liquidation of a corporation if it is one in a series of distributions in redemption of all the stock of the corporation pursuant to a plan of liquidation (Sec. As a result, all the distributions necessary to effect a complete liquidation of a corporation do not have to take place on the same date or even in the same year. 80-177 raises the issue of the constructive receipt of assets by shareholders when a corporation adopts a plan of liquidation and the shareholders are entitled to a liquidation distribution at any time after a certain date. Therefore, taxpayers should consider making the final distribution before 2013. A shareholder may claim a loss on a series of distributions only in the year the loss is definitely sustained.
Then, the shareholders are treated as exchanging their stock for the FMV of the assets distributed in complete liquidation, with the resulting gains or losses at the shareholder level.
Caution: Shareholders may want to evaluate the sale or disposal of stock by the end of 2012 to take advantage of the 15% dividend tax rate, lower individual income tax rates, and lower capital gain tax rates set to expire on Dec. Guidance on the tax treatment of these items in 2013 and subsequent tax years is uncertain, so practitioners should watch for future legislation.
If the stock is a capital asset in the shareholder’s hands, the transaction qualifies for capital gain or loss treatment.
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The trustees usually have to pay the tax if they sell or transfer assets on behalf of the beneficiary.
There’s no tax to pay in bare trusts if the assets are transferred to the beneficiary.