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It uses various methods to stimulate and measure luminescence.It includes techniques such as optically stimulated luminescence (OSL), infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL), and thermoluminescence dating (TL).Thermoluminescence was first clearly described in a paper presented to the Royal Society (of Britain) in 1663, by Robert Boyle, who described the effect in a diamond which had been warmed to body temperature.
To put it simply, certain minerals (quartz, feldspar, and calcite), store energy from the sun at a known rate.
the emission of a characteristic colour of light) when stimulated.
Stimulation can be achieved by heating (thermoluminescence or TL) or exposure to light (optically-stimulated luminescence or OSL).
Luminescence dating has been applied (depending on conditions) from sediments ranging from 10 - 10, although more commonly the upper limit is 100-200 ka.
It has been applied to aeolian, fluvial, lacustrine, glaciogenic, coastal and marine applications, in addition to a wide range of research in archaeology and art antiquity.