For more information on ASBOs and anti-social behaviour in general, see our sections.
One of the most common forms of harassment is malicious or nuisance telephone calls. Abusive, annoying, harassing, obscene or threatening telephone calls are an invasion of your privacy.
Conditions of the orders may include a ban from the area where the victims live or a specific ban on approaching or communicating with the victims.
Because these court orders are made in civil proceedings, hearsay evidence can be used to protect victims who are too scared to come to court.
If you want to cease intimidating those around you, you'll have to adopt new ways of communicating. Examine your interactions and ask yourself if you have a subconscious desire to manipulate others.
unresolved feelings of insecurity might manifest as a desire to bully or control.
Intimidation or harassment is a personalised form of anti-social behaviour, specifically aimed at particular individuals.
The PHA is the main criminal legislation dealing with the offence of harassment.
Local authorities have a responsibility to take immediate enforcement action to protect those who are being harassed or intimidated.
This may be through an injunction or an interim ASBO (which may be obtained without notice to the defendant in Scotland and Northern Ireland) or a Community Protection Notice (in England and Wales) and can provide immediate relief and raise confidence in the ability of local agencies to tackle this sort of anti-social behaviour.
There are a number of things that you can do to limit these types of calls, ranging from contacting your telephone service provider to changing your number.
There is also legislation specifically aimed at nuisance calls which we'll discuss below.