Disabled People's International (DPI) Women's Network Japan's survey on discrimination in 2011 elicited various responses concerning sex and sexuality such as, "In 1963, when I was in my teens I was forced to undergo an operation for sterilization," "Since my period started in junior high school, my mother urged me to have a hysterectomy," "I was told not to have children because 'disabilities are inherited' and 'you won't be able to raise children properly'," and "I was encouraged to have prenatal testing and an abortion." We have also heard from a number of women who have been refused admission to a hospital to give birth because of their disability.
Under the Eugenic Protection Law (1948-1996) in Japan, there were 16,477 officially recorded cases of forced sterilization for eugenic reasons.
Among the numerous SRHR issues for women with disabilities, we would particularly like to see the promotion of sexual and reproductive health education, information dissemination, and pregnancy-related services, along with the development of technologies for menstrual products and contraception.
Tomoko Yonezu from DPI Women's Network Japan discusses the discrimination and exclusion suffered by women with disabilities and the history of the disability rights movement in Japan.
Brewed amidst the conflicting politics of population control and the international women's health movement, the movement for sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) finally came to fruition in the Cairo Programme of Action (Po A) of the UN International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994.
Since the inception of modern critical care medicine in the latter half of the 20th century, the focus has been on decreasing short-term mortality during hospitalization.
Before the 1990s, little attention was given to the post–intensive care unit (ICU) course, and long-term follow-up studies were rare.