The Great Sphinx sits on the eastern side of the plateau apart from the pyramids but it is thought it once was an important part of the pyramid complex which covered the area.
The head of the Sphinx is believed by Egyptologists to be that of the king Khafre though others contend that represents Khufu.
The tradition of Hebrew slaves laboring in bondage in Egypt is not not supported by any ancient document other than the Book of Exodus while the practice of skilled Egyptian workers building the pyramids of Giza, and the other monuments throughout the land, is well documented from ancient records and archaeological evidence. It is estimated that up to 4,000 pounds of meat from cattle, sheep, and goats was consumed by the workers daily and they had access to the best medical care.
These claims are substantiated by the number of animal bones found at the site (over 25,000 sheep bones and 8,000 cattle, among other animals) and the graves of workers whose skeletons show expertly mended bones.
The pyramids were once encased in polished limestone which, according to ancient writers, reflected the light of the sun brilliantly.
The limestone was stripped away over the years for use in other building projects, most notably the mosques of Cairo.
Although the Giza plateau is most closely associated with the pyramids of Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure, the site was used as early as the First Dynasty of Egypt as evidenced by the tomb of the king Djet which was found toward the edge of the plateau.
It was Rameses fourth son Khaemweset, however, who worked the hardest to preserve the site.
These officials had enough money and prestige to buy their way into burial plots at Giza but had no regard for the symmetry of the original schematics and had their tombs dug wherever they found available space.
This resulted in a number of grave complexes throughout Giza which would not have been authorized by the kings who built the famous pyramids which, throughout history, have drawn visitors from around the world.
There was a worker's village, which has been discovered and excavated, around 1300 feet (400 meters) south of the Great Sphinx where the laborers who worked on Menkaure's pyramid lived and those who built Khufu's pyramid founded a small village (Khufu's Village) on the far side of the complex.
No evidence of Hebrew slave-laborers has been discovered at Giza nor anywhere else in the entirety of Egypt, contrary to popular opinion and film-versions of Egyptian history based on the biblical Book of Exodus.