Before radiocarbon dating
When granite rock hardens, it freezes radioactive elements in place.The most common radioactive element in granite is Uranium-238.This element is locked in tiny zircons within the granite. While it stays within the zircon for a period of time, being a very small atom, helium escapes the zircon within a few thousand years.When creation scientists studied granite samples, they made interesting discoveries.Atmospheric nuclear weapon tests almost doubled the concentration of Radiocarbon dating, also known as the C14 dating method, is a way of telling how old an object is. This makes it possible to tell the age of substances that contain carbon. Dates obtained are usually written as before present ('present' is 1950). Carbon has different isotopes, which are usually not radioactive.Plants take up atmospheric carbon dioxide by photosynthesis, and are eaten by animals, so every living thing is constantly exchanging carbon-14 with its environment as long as it lives. In 1958 Hessel de Vries showed that the concentration of carbon-14 in the atmosphere varies with time and locality.The relatively short-lived C taken into organic matter is also slightly variable. However, under about 20,000 years the results can be compared with dendrochronology, based on tree rings.
One limitation is that the radiocarbon technique dates only material that was once part of an animal or plant, such as bones, flesh, or wood. To understand the other capabilities and limitations of radiocarbon dating, we must understand how it works and consider the flood. However, roughly one in a trillion carbon atoms weighs 14 atomic units. It is also called radio carbon because it is radio active (but not dangerous).
Sometimes only one method is possible, reducing the confidence researchers have in the results.
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When it comes to determining the age of stuff scientists dig out of the ground, whether fossil or artifact, “there are good dates and bad dates and ugly dates,” says paleoanthropologist John Shea of Stony Brook University.
The good dates are confirmed using at least two different methods, ideally involving multiple independent labs for each method to cross-check results.